Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day: History, Significance and Facts about the 9th Sikh Guru

24 November each year is remembered as the martyrdom day of Guru Tegh Bahadur, also known as the Shahedi Diwas. Guru Tegh Bahadur, the 9th Nanak in the Sikh religion, gave his life for human rights preservation. Especially the right of a person without interference to practice his or her faith. His was the one who challenged Kashmiri experts and non-Muslims’ forced transformations into Islam.


The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb governed India in the 1600s. His objective was to transform India into an Islamic kingdom, therefore he began to force Hindus into Muslims and began to move from the Kashmir and Punjab regions. Aurangzeb was a cruel leader, as we know from our historical texts. Kashmiri experts noticed him and requested him to aid them. The Messiah was in him. In order to end this tyranny, Guru Tegh Bahadur devoted his life. He opposed the conversion and said that all of the Hindus were suited if Aurangzeb could succeed in converting him. Soon, Guruji was caught and tortured physically for several days alongside his disciples. After he rejected the Muslim conversion, the Emperor ordered him in 1675 to be decapitated in public.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day

Gurudwara Sis Ganj is on the site of the execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur; Gurudwara Rakab Ganj is on the location where the final rites of Guruji were done. In order to honor him and his ideas of freedom of religion and religion, memorials and activities are organized. In those times, people were denied fundamental rights, such as following any religion they chose. Indeed, Guru Tegh Bahadur is an excellent example of humility, devotion and mercy. His values are mirrored in his life and poetry.

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Facts About Guru Tegh Bahadur:

  • On 1 April 1621 in Amritsar, Guru Tegh Bahadur was born, and at the time of his birth he was called Tyaga Mal.
  • Mata Nanaki and Guru Hargobind were his parents. Guru Hargobind was the sixth Sikh Guru.
  • He had been educated as a kid in martial skills, sword making and horsemanship. But, while he was a warrior, he seemed to choose a road of relinquishment and meditation, along with him in different fights.
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur visited a lot throughout northern India as well as Assam and Dhaka and spoke Guru Nanak’s message.
  • He started wells and langars in the neighborhood.

Ninth Sikh Guru

  • In 1668,he was able to establish a treaty between the King of Ahom and Raja Ram Singh of Amber, who was sent there by Aurangzeb.
  • In 1672, he came to Kashmir to help non-Muslims from being persecuted.
  • He wrote numerous hymns added to the Sahib Guru. He wrote Saloks, eleven hundred and fifteen ragas.
  • In 1665 in Punjab he established the town of Anandpur Sahib.
  • The guru was publicly decapitated in Chandni Chowk in Delhi on 24 November 1675, under instructions from the Mughal Emperor. The site where he was killed was Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib established in 1783.

Guru Gobind

  • The tenth and final Sikh Guru was his little son Gobind, who was nine when his dad was murdered. He must have been deeply affected by the brutal murder of his father. Guru Gobind Singh became the Khalsa founder and resisted the Mughal rule.

Additionally, do check our article on the Guru Nanak Jayanti 

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